Gibbs Reflection Model (1988)
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Assessment 2: Angela Phillips
Gibbs reflective model
Stage One: Description
• What happened? – What happened during your class, something that
taught you about yourself as a person/ nurse. It may have been new to your experience.
– Give an account of it, describing everything relevant that went on.
– Keep to the point, avoid all unnecessary detail. – Your purpose at this stage is to give your reader a
clear picture of what went on.
Stage Two: Feelings
• What did you feel about it? • What did you think about?
– You are bound to have feelings about what happened. You may have felt anxious/ confused, especially if what happened was new to you. The important thing is to show how you managed to do what was expected of you despite your anxiety.
– Try to describe/explain your feelings. – What was affecting them? – the actions of others (experienced staff, the
patient, family); knowledge that you held (something which patient had disclosed to you earlier, personal thoughts/opinion on the issue)?
– Were you thinking – ‘That’s a useful thing to do’ or ‘I wouldn’t do that or why are they doing that…’ ?
– Did your thoughts and feelings change during the scenario? If so, why? – Did your thoughts and feelings affect your actions at the time? – Looking back, have your views changed?
Stage Three: Evaluation
• What was good or bad about the experience? – What do you think went well in the situation? Did you
learn anything useful as a result of taking part in what went on?
– Did anything give you cause for concern – either in what others did or what you did? Was there something which you would not wish to experience again?
– Was there anything that the patient/the family said that made you think or taught you something?
Stage Four: Analysis
• What sense can you make of it all? – Using secondary sources (books, journals, websites etc), this is
where you explore some of the key issues raised in the scenario. – You can show how well you are keeping up with ‘evidence
based’ practice. – Show the knowledge you have about a particular patient/client
problem/need. – Show that you understand what causes the problem/need. – Explain how nurses can help. – Show that you understand the prescribed medication/other
therapies. – Show that you recognise that patients/clients are individuals
and may not respond to care in the way the textbooks/journal articles lead you to expect.
Stage Five: Conclusion
• What else could you have done? – Could you have learned anything by talking to the
patient/client/the family about the experience? – Was there anything you should have noticed, that you
should have done/reported/asked about/read about? – Was there anything you could have discussed with
your mentor/supervisor/tutor? – Is there any literature that you now think you ought to
look at – or any advice you could look for?
Stage Six: Action Plan
• Action changes things: – How has the experience helped you to improve your
practice? – Has it revealed your strengths (as well as your
weaknesses!)? – How would you respond in a similar situation? Do you feel
more confident? – What advice would you give to other learners in similar
situations when you are a qualified nurse responsible for looking after learners on placement in your clinical area?
– Will you be better able to communicate with patients/clients/families because of what you experienced?