Tittle – Your tittle, must be specific.
Abstract – This is a concisely worded synopsis of the research detailing the background, aim, methodology, results and main conclusions from the body of work. It should be complete without reference to the rest of the report, is usually be written only when the rest of the report is complete, and should not contain afterthoughts or statements that are not evident in the rest of the report.
Introduction – This represent a significant body of reading and writing. The Introduction provides the background to the study, the current state of research in your chosen field and identify the research gaps that lead to your aims. Provide references to previous research of a general nature (these will be discussed more fully in the discussion where they are of direct relevance to the project)
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Material and Methods – The methods section is where you define the methods employed to answer your research question. It should contain any of the following: area of fieldwork, details of apparatus and methods, description of materials, software etc. (see supervisor for precise advice). For Meta-Analysis projects you would ordinarily include details about the search criteria, databases, inclusion/exclusion criteria. It should provide sufficient information for the reader to follow, and if necessary, repeat any procedure, and list the equipment used, detail any modifications to established techniques and describe/ illustrate all specially constructed equipment and novel procedures. You should describe all experimental conditions, procedures and precautions necessary to ensure accuracy and safety, and (if necessary) refer to preliminary experiments and to consequent changes in techniques. Also you need to include statistical methods employed in your research.
Results – The results section is where you present your findings. It should relate to the intentions given in the introduction and provide a factual statement of what was observed, supported by any statistics, data and/or graphs derived from the analysis of the data recorded during the investigation. Choosing an appropriate graphical representation of your data is just as important as the words you write in the results section. Whether you use a pie chart or bar chart is very much dependent on what you aim to show. Remember the description of the results in the main text body of this section, it must not be just a series of figures. Remember titles for each figure and table, and explanatory legends.
Discussion and Conclusions – The discussion provides the opportunity to talk about your findings, the aims of the project and whether these were met and what they mean with reference to the wider scientific literature. It should include a discussion of the project results, how these relate to the present state of knowledge, conclusions to be drawn, and suggestions for further work. You should use this opportunity to mention new approaches, limitations and assumptions upon which the work is based, include clearly stated major outcomes of the project and cited references to published work.