Make SURE to read the directions for each of the three sections of the exam very carefully!
– You will choose 4 questions to answer from the first section of the exam.
– You will choose 2 questions to answer from the second section of the exam.
– You will choose 2 questions to answer from the last section of the exam.
(You are only answering 8 questions, total.)
Be SURE to record the numbers you have chosen to answer.
The next page of the exam only serves as a reference page, so you will know what to name certain pieces of literature when you reference them in your answers. You do NOT have to write anything on the reference page.
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When you write about these pieces of literature, refer to them by the following names:
– Rene Descartes, selection from Discourse on Method
– Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d’Alembert, authors of Le Encyclopedie. We read the particular definitions of “Wife,” “Savages,” and “Political Authority.”
– Mary Wollstonecraft, selection from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
– Aphra Behn, Oroonoko
– Voltaire, Candide
– Jean Jacques Rousseau, selection from Confessions
-Declaration of Independence
-Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
-Jean Jacques Dessalines, “Liberty or Death”
-Simon Bolivar, “Reply of a South American to a Gentleman of This Island [Jamaica]”
Section 1: Definition / Identification
5 points each – 20 points total
Directions: Define / identify and explain the significance of the following in 2-3 sentences.
5. Cogito Ergo Sum (“I think, therefore I am”)
Write Section 1 answers here. Be SURE to record the #s you have chosen to answer.
Section 2: Identify the passage
15 points each – 30 points total
Directions: Identify the passage by giving the author (write “author unknown” if the author is unknown to scholars as we discussed), the title of the piece of literature it came from, and the significance of the excerpt to the piece of literature as a whole. (2-3 sentences)
13. “His face was not of that brown, rusty Black which most of that Nation are, but a perfect Ebony, or polish’d Jett. His Eyes were the most awful that cou’d be seen, and very piercing; the White of ‘em being like Snow, as were his Teeth. His Nose was rising and Roman, instead of African and flat. His Mouth, the finest shap’d that cou’d be seen; far from those great turn’d Lips, which are so natural to the rest of the Negroes.”
16. –“Oh Pangloss! cried Candide, you had no notion of these abominations! I’m through, I must give up your optimism after all.
–What’s optimism? Said Cacambo.
–Alas, said Candide, it is a mania for saying things are well when one is in hell.
And he shed bitter tears as he looked at this Negro, and he was still weeping as he entered Surinam.
Section 3: Longer Answer
25 points each – 50 points total
Directions: Answer each question with a well-organized, well-developed longer paragraph (9-12 sentences) with specific examples.
NOTE: You cannot use your exact answers from the discussion posts; however, you can use them as references to jog your memory.
21. Is Oroonoko an anti-slavery document, or is it more about issues of innate nobility based upon class?
23. The concept of slavery shows up in both Oroonoko and Candide. How does each author treat slavery, and what conclusion about slavery does each author come to? How are the authors’ conclusions (or lack of conclusions) about slavery alike and different?
Write Section 3 answers here. Be SURE to record the #s you have chosen to answer.