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HYPERTENSION 1

RUNNING HEAD: HYPERTENSION 1

 

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Review: Treatment of Hypertension

Student’s Name: Idalmis Espinosa

Institution-Affiliated: Grand Canyon University

Date: 12/24/17

 

Introduction

Hypertension, also known as high blood disease pressure is a serious condition that ultimately results in damaging of blood vessels leaving an individual prone to heart attack, stroke, and other conditions. Various factors increase the likelihood of developing the disease they include obesity, consumption of a lot of salt, diabetes, smoking, alcohol intake among others. Globally, hypertension results in the death of millions of people, but with the right administration, the mortality rates can be reduced. Treatment of hypertension is diverse including lifestyle changes and treatment through drug therapy. Medication entails various drugs ranging from thiazide diuretics, Beta blockers, Angotenism- Converting enzymes (ACE), Calcium Channel Blockers among others. Lifestyle approach in the treatment of hypertension involves intake of healthy diets, quitting smoking, physical exercise, reducing alcohol intake, among others (Khatib, 2012).

A Comparison of the Research Questions

Comparison falls into either a patient with hypertension using drugs to treat the hypertension or a lifestyle approach. Lifestyle modification is a crucial long-term step in the management of hypertension even in the presence of drug therapy and may reduce or even reduce the need for anti-hypertensive drugs. Also, lifestyle changes in the management of high blood pressure can be essential in treating other chronic illness. Lifestyle changes include eating dietary approaches which involve developing a healthy pattern as well as reducing salt intake. Furthermore, quitting smoking assists in reducing cardiovascular risks while reduced alcohol consumption results to lower systolic blood pressure in patients with hypertension. Physical exercise is critical in lowering systolic blood pressure (Huang, Duggan, & Harman, 2006). In contrast, patients can use drug therapy in the treatment of hypertension and help avoid cardiovascular within half a year. Diuretics are the most utilized drugs in the treatment of hypertension; the original anti-hypertensive drugs are vital in lowering the blood pressure and increasing the effectiveness of other antihypertensive agents. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, Beta Blockers are also used in the treatment of diabetes (Williams, Lawerence, Fanorow, & Go, 2010).

A comparison of sample populations

The sample population entails male grown-ups between the ages of 40-70 years who can either undertake drug therapy or lifestyle management of hypertension. Patients who undergo drug treatment have a low chance of suffering from cardiovascular risks compared to men who are not untreated. Use of antihypertensive drugs is crucial in treating level 2 and 3 of hypertension. Randomized clinical trials carried out on men have helps reduce the chance of stroke and coronary risks. Also, the use of evidence-based technology has also been vital in reducing the level of SBP and DBP making it possible to initiate medication. However, treatment of people within the age of 40-55 years differs with that of men between the ages of 55-70 years. In contrast, men who undertake lifestyle changes as a treatment method for hypertension have to put in place long-term strategies to ensure they adequately address the disease (Williams, Lawerence, Fanorow, & Go, 2010). Lifestyle changes might not be an effective method of treatment especially in serious condition and may require the incorporation of two or more anti-hypertensive drugs. Men between the ages of 40-50 year are suitable for this method, as most have the energy to take up regular physical exercises which are vital in the addressing the disease. Lifestyle changes for men involve changing eating habits, quitting smoking, reduced alcohol intake, sodium restriction among others (Huang, Duggan, & Harman, 2006).

A comparison of limitation of study

The research on the effectiveness of both the use of drug therapy and lifestyle modification in the treatment of hypertension has limitations. One, Drug therapy entails the use of various drugs which make it difficult to determine the effectiveness of each medication used in the treatment of the disease. Also, the presence of other existing ailments in some of the patients makes it hard to determine the effectiveness of most anti-hypertensive in the treatment of hypertension since most are also administered to treat the conditions as well. The outcomes of lifestyle changes in the treatment and management of hypertension are impossible to measure as they are long no tangible methods to indicate proof of the changes. Lastly, on some occasions, patients have to be administered with anti-hypertensive which makes it difficult to determine the effectiveness of lifestyle changes as the treatment method for hypertension.

Conclusion

Hypertension is among the leading causes of heart attacks, strokes, and other complications. With the right interventions in place, the disease can be managed and treated; hypertension treatment takes into account two forms of treatment including the use of anti-hypertensive drugs as well as lifestyle modifications. Anti-hypertensive drugs used include diuretics, angiotensin, converting enzymes blockers, beta blockers among others each of the drugs work differently, but all ultimately result in lowering the blood pressure. Lifestyle changes are also crucial in management and treatment of the disease especially in reducing cardiovascular risks and lowering the blood pressure. I recommend the research to utilize different studies and findings from other research carried out in the past to elaborate the differences and effectiveness of the methods in the treatment of high blood pressure.

 

References

Huang, N., Duggan, K., & Harman, J. (2006). Lifestyle Management of Hypertension. Australian Prescriber, 150-156.

Khatib, O. M. (2012). Clinical Guideline for the Management of Hypertension. New York: World Health Organization.

Williams, K. A., Lawerence, W., Fanorow, G. C., & Go, A. S. (2010). An Effective Approach to High Blood Pressure Control. American Heart Association, 885-894.

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