1. Marx and Durkheim had different views about what would happen with the increase in the division of labor. What were their different views? Which view do you believe is more correct? Why?
3. Durkheim has a theory of collective consciousness. What is it? Does Du Bois agree with Durkheim’s theory, disagree, or both? How?
4. According to Marx and Weber, why do people participate in capitalism? What are the main differences in their views?
Part II – A
IIA- FROM EMILE DURKHEIM, SELECTED WRITINGS
“The church-member found the beliefs and practices of his religious life ready-made at birth; if they existed before him, they existed externally to him. The system of signs I use to express my thought, the system of currency I employ to pay my debts, the instruments of credit I utilize in my commercial relations, the practices followed in my profession, etc., function independently of whatever use I make of them. If one were to take one after the other, all of the individuals who compose society, the preceding statement could be repeated of all of them. Here, then, are ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that present the remarkable property of existing outside the individual consciousness” (64)
1. According to Emile Durkheim, dancing, chanting, singing, and marching together are all examples of ways people achieve
2. According to Durkheim, when people lack sufficient moral restraint and feel a sense of normlessness, they are in a state of?
3. Adam Smith writes, “It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own self interest.” Which Weberian action type does this statement most closely correspond to?
4. Weber argues that, according to the Protestant Ethic, “Labour must…be performed as if it were an absolute end in itself, a calling.” Which Weberian action type does this statement most closely correspond to?
5. According to Durkheim, “A social ______is recognized by the power of external coercion which it exercises or is capable of exercising over individuals.”